By diphtheria to leptospirosis to dengue, 2018 was full of health Crises caused by natural disasters, unhealthy lifestyle and Illness outbreaks.
The coming year could be more fatal when we don’t stop and prepare punctually. A number of the diseases are man-made, which might be avoided if action is taken in time. There are a few threats that might follow you at the year 2019 therefore it is better that you try your best to be prepared and prevent these diseases before them becoming an outbreak.
Annually, WHO estimates over 200 million cases of malaria globally, with over 4 million, 00,000 deaths worldwide. Malaria is an infectious illness caused by the Plasmodium parasites, carried by Anopheles mosquitoes. The mosquito gets infected with this parasite by biting on another infected individual. It’s principally brought on by mosquito bites, but some other sources comprise blood transfusion or organ transplants.
Diphtheria was rather an epidemic in the last quarter of 2018, but it can impact children any moment. Diphtheria is a serious bacterial disease that affects the mucous membranes of the nose and throat. It’s a communicable disease and can disperse from relegated to individual rapidly. Contaminated objects could also be another reason. As soon as you have been infected with these infections, the bacteria release harmful chemicals known as radicals, which is spread via the bloodstream.
Dengue is a viral disease caused by the dengue virus sent by a mosquito bite. It’s transmitted by a female mosquito called Aedes aegypti — also in charge of carry chikungunya, zika virus and yellow fever. According to WHO, over 300 million people get dengue infections each year.
The only way you’ll be able to stop the spread of this disease is by maintaining sanitary conditions, hygiene, avoiding stagnant water and using mosquito repellents.
Around 600 million people fall ill each year after eating contaminated food. It’s quite common and may vary from a moderate to severe to fatal. Symptoms of food poisoning like nausea, vomiting, abdominal, cramping and diarrhoea may seem after a few hours of having food that is contaminated. Other factors including the type of contaminant, the amount eaten, your age and other health conditions are also taken under consideration.
Last year, this disorder became quite an epidemic affecting thousands of individuals worldwide and countless India. When a pregnant woman gets affected by the virus, it may even affect the unborn baby — they may get born with brain damage. Another reduction or elimination of mosquito breeding sites is a major step to halt the illness from spreading.