Since New Delhi frees up to the air pollution — an issue it can’t ignore — a research indicates that individuals in India’s capital can live 9 years longer if the country meets the WHO’s air quality criteria.
The Air Quality-Life Index (AQLI) report from the Energy Policy Institute in the University of Chicago (EPIC) indicates that if India matches the national Air Quality Standards or WHO criteria for PM2.5–particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in size, many cities could gain in terms of life expectancy.
Delhi’s citizens will be the biggest beneficiaries if the city adheres to the WHO prescribed air quality standards. They can live 9 years longer if the standards are satisfied, the report says. Individuals of Kolkata and Mumbai could live approximately 3.5 years more if the country met WHO standards. In general, Indian citizens could live four years longer if India meets WHO criteria, ” the report says.
The index studies particulate pollution concentrations also exerts its impact on lifespans. Thus, providing a reliable measure of the potential gain in life expectancy communities may determine if their pollution concentrations are brought into compliance with WHO, national, or even another standard.
“High levels of air pollution are a component of people’s lives in India, just as they had been in the United States, England, Japan and other countries in the past. The past several decades have witnessed enormous progress in a number of these countries, yet this progress did not occur by accident — it was the consequence of policy choices,” Michael Greenstone, the Director of Energy Policy Institute in the University of Chicago said.
According to the Sate of Global Air 2017, India listed more than a million death due to exposure to PM 2.5.
More than 5.5 million (55 lakh) people die prematurely every year due to household and outside air pollution worldwide, with 55 percent deaths caused in India and China, according to a 2016 report from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
India is currently taking action to decrease pollution. EPIC-India is presently working with the central authorities and lots of state pollution control boards to implement India’s first emissions trading system for particulate pollution.